Sunday, January 19, 2020

Weapons of the Middle Ages :: History

Weapons of the Middle Ages Have you ever wondered what kinds of weapons were used in the middle ages? Or have you wondered how they used to slash and bash through the heavily armored knights while being attacked by flying arrows by the longbowman? Well here are the answers There were a wide variety of weapons in the middle ages, one of which was the club. The club was mainly used to crush bones or fracture them. It was made of a light wood with a metal tip on the end and usually had spikes on them to inflict more damage. The club is the first melee weapon ever made and started in the Stone Age to kill deer or wild boar. As ages went by the club became less effective. After about 1400 A.D. the club was very rare to find in battle. What was interesting about the club is that it could easily be changed into a short-handled ax. All they had to do was either cut or take off the tip of the club and attach a sharp blade. The reason they sometimes changed the club into a short-handled ax, was because it could be throw n easily and inflict some pain, where the club when thrown, it was hard to throw and it inflicted little pain and damage. Another very useful weapon was the spear. The spear was a skirmisher’s best friend. A skirmisher was a soldier that carried around a bag full of spears. To keep from giving too much weight, they made the spear for the skirmishers with very lightweight wood, and a small pointy spearhead. The skirmisher’s job was to take the spears and throw them at a long range. The difference between a bow and arrow and a spear was that the spear could easily be turned into a melee weapon. In fact, when a skirmisher had only one spear left, he took the spear, left the bag, and went melee style and went into the battle. The first spear was simply a sharpened rock tied onto a long stick, which was in the Stone Age, and wasn’t used for killing people; it was used to kill animals for food, usually. Probably the most common weapon, was the sword. All kinds of swords, the standard sword, which was just a regular sword, the dagger, or knife, yes it was a type of sword, mainly a backup sword used if a soldier’s weapon was dropped, and the great sword, which was a huge sword that can only be used in control if the soldier used two hands.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Types of Reinforcement

People have been using the theory of reinforcement even though they have not properly studied this theoretical concept. They have been employing this theory to strengthen the response for a particular stimulus or environmental event (Huitt and Hummel). Reinforcement theory generally states that the frequency of eliciting the same response will likely increase if it is followed by a reinforcer. The probability of repeating the same behavior in the future is dependent on what occurs after the individual engages in that behavior (Malala, et al. ). There are four types of reinforcement.Each type of reinforcement is distinguished by the kind of stimulus presented after the response. In positive reinforcement, for instance, a positive stimulus is presented after a certain response to increase the frequency of that response of behavior (Malala, et al. ,; Huitt and Hummel). The positive stimulus usually comes in the form of rewards. Positive reinforcement has been used in school settings to reinforce positive attitude towards studying. For example, academic awards such as medals and certificates are given to students who excel academically or in a certain field such as sports.While the previous example used a tangible positive reinforcer, it could also be intangible. To cite an example, according to Kobus and her associates (48), the praise, support, and encouragement of teachers and significant others (e. g. , parents) motivate grade school students to work hard and increase their self-efficacy (i. e, confidence in one’s capability). Positive reinforcement has often been used by parents as well. They reward their children with a reinforcer such as money for their hard work in school or for cleaning their room.The concept has also been applied by companies for their employees. Salary increase and promotion, for example, are awarded to hardworking employees for their outstanding performance. On the other hand, in negative reinforcement, the reinforcer, which is s omething negative, is withdrawn after the response. Repetition of this phenomenon will increase the occurrence of the response. This is usually observed when a person wants to avoid the negative reinforcer (Huitt and Hummel). For instance, children obey the house rules so that their parents will not get mad at them.In this example, the negative reinforcer is the anger of the parents while the response is the obedience of children. At work, employees meet their requirements and deadlines to avoid being reprimanded by their boss. Most people think that negative reinforcement and punishment is the same, which is a misconception. While negative reinforcement elicits a positive response due to the removal of the negative reinforcer after the response, punishment lessens the frequency of a response or behavior by presenting a negative stimulus after the response (Huitt and Hummel).Punishment has been used at home, in school, and in the workplace. For example, at home, parents ground their children when they do not come home at the time agreed. In school, punishment is imposed to discipline students. A simple example of this is reprimanding noisy students for disrupting the class. Punishment has been a system adopted in schools in the form of disciplinary policies where punishment for specific types of school offense are indicated (Gaustad 3). In the workplace, an example of punishment could be reducing the salary of employees when they do not report to the office without filing a leave.As punishment, they will not be paid for the days they did not come to work. The fourth type of reinforcement is extinction. In extinction, the frequency of a response or behavior is weakened when the reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior is removed (Huitt and Hummel). To cite an example, in the field of psychology, extinction learning has been used in treating disorders such as anxiety disorder. The goal of the treatment is to extinguish fear by teaching the patients that the stimulus they fear no longer results in harmful consequences (Anderson and Insel 319).For instance, the patient is exposed to a previously feared event associated with an unpleasant outcome to get him or her accustomed to the event until he or she does not fear it anymore. Extinction can also occur in a corporate setting. When a company stops giving bonuses to hardworking employees, they may lose motivation to work hard, resulting in a decline in productivity. Based on the examples stated earlier, it could be concluded that reinforcement affects the behavior of individuals, children and adults alike.Reinforcement can either increase or decrease the frequency of a certain behavior depending on the stimulus or reinforcer presented (or removed) after the behavior. Hence, it could be inferred that behavior can be modified according to the pleasantness of the reinforcement that can be experienced for doing a certain behavior. For example, an individual’s positive or desired b ehavior can be maintained with positive or negative reinforcements, while his negative or unwanted behaviors can be extinguished through punishment or extinction.

Friday, January 3, 2020

The Corruption of Downloading Music - 832 Words

Digitally illegal music file sharing is now mainstream. But should it be legal to those who have broken the law against the music industry and its artists? More specifically by RIAA the criminal can be charged by up to five years of jail time and fines up to $250,000. Some people agree that music files should be digitally shared, so everyone can have easy access to their favorite music without spending a substantial amount of money. But not everyone agrees with this idea. Some people believe that music file sharing should be illegal since record companies and artists have lost an enormous account of income because of the drops of the sales. There is a variety of different points of aspects on if digitally music file sharing should be illegal or not. There are many people ,including artists and people related to the music industry business, that they are totally against music piracy because of morals and economic related issues. The first massive strike on the record industry (RIAA) reports that music sales in the United States have dropped 47 percent since Napster came out in 1999. The availability of free music has cost the music industry $12.5 billion in economic losses. To regain some of these losses, the record industry has filed lawsuits against individuals who have been found to own downloaded music files. In some cases, some of those individuals have been sued for thousands, if not hundreds of thousands of dollars. According to Northwestern UniversityShow MoreRelated Intellectual Property and the Future of the Music Industry Essay2398 Words   |  10 PagesCorruption, Conscience, and Copyright: The Current State of Intellectual Property and the Future of the Music Industry â€Å"Today’s pirates operate not on the high seas but on the Internet, in illegal CD factories, distribution centers, and on the street. The pirate’s credo is still the same--why pay for it when it’s so easy to steal? The credo is as wrong as it ever was. Stealing is still illegal, unethical, and all too frequent in today’s digital age. That is why RIAA [Recording Industry AssociationRead MoreProblems Associated With Educational Video Games Into Their K 12 Curriculum982 Words   |  4 Pagesconducting audio recordings for their family members in the household. Overall, the surveys found students increased their usage of the devices throughout the year evident by over 75% students reporting they used all the application categories such as music, calendar, and voice recording, by the end of the year in comparison to the beginning of the year. However, the teachers noted a decrease in actual usage at the end of the year compared to mid-year since their c urriculum focused less on the iPodsRead MoreInternal And External Security Breaches976 Words   |  4 Pages(B0risK@rl0ff27). Another procedure can include details of acceptable use of computers in the workplace. Browsing the internet, playing games, checking personal emails, downloading programs or illegal content (movies/music), using chat websites or other chatting services should be prohibited as they increase the chances of corruption. Only work related activities should be permitted. Those caught in violation of this section in the security policy will be suspended from the job for a predeterminedRead MoreThe Values Of The Textbook1158 Words   |  5 PagesThe Values of the Textbook Description: What media outlets do Why they do it What they should do 1 Worry about file swappers illegally downloading songs (p.72) Sales decrease for recording labels (p.72) Use internet to post music/videos to gain larger audience at less of a cost (p.72) 2 Homogenized radio industry (p.108) Saves money (p.108) Let there be interaction between Deejays and the audience. Live vs. voice tracking (p.108) 3 Introduced VOD-DVRs, iPods, Netflix (p.155) Enables customersRead MoreCybercrime And Internet Hacking And Its Effect On The Security Of The Internet1386 Words   |  6 Pagesproblem for the government or IT companies is that they cannot stop the people from accidentally downloading hacked software. People are tricked into thinking that things on the internet are free and they will download music, movies, and games for free from random websites. What people do not know is that nothing is actually for free, although these random websites may actually give you the movies, music, or games that you want, when you download the file the owner of the website can now easily obtainRead MoreCyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior by K. Jaishankar2837 Words   |  12 PagesJaishankar, 2011, p. 5-6). In order to fix this, the government needs to improve regulations on the Internet, they need to make special programs/activities for the youth to keep them off the In ternet, and to give unemployment checks in order to make corruption and hacking unattractive (Adeniran Jaishankar, 2011, p. 11-12). One form of Internet crime does not involve hacking/cracking, but has to deal with people using the Internet to seek sexual contact with children. These people are known as childRead MoreSurveillance: A Welcome Necessity or a Frightening Imposition on Liberties1223 Words   |  5 Pagesfootball or basketball game. Others constantly observe each other and this sometimes affects how society acts. Cameras in banks make criminals think twice about robbing them and the government monitoring the Internet makes people cautious of downloading music. The Norsefire regime in V for Vendetta implements techniques to control their population, by imprisoning or scapegoating a particular member such as Evey. When Evey goes into hiding with V, she is written away and seen by Norsefire, as wellRead MoreThe Ways Of Today s Society1390 Words   |  6 Pageschild using some form of technology. When most are used to seeing children playing in their front yards or on a playground as they once did, they have a sudden awakening when they realize, most children are not like that anymore. Modern culture is a corruption to one’s childhood and causes a child to be unsocial, unhealthy, and constantly pressured to follow the newest trends in social media, however, certain TV shows and websites have been known to try and educate children. Because of modern technologyRead MoreWhy Should You Care About Changing The Copyright System?2142 Words   |  9 PagesThis essay will serve as an advocation for the instatement of compulsory licensing practices in regards to sampling in music. I have been intensely interested in the workings of copyright for a couple years, but have only recently sought out avenues to express my thoughts, findings, and ideas for change. I must begin with an admission: I do not believe that anyone can own or monopolize upon an idea. Intellectual property is a fundamental assumption held by copyright law, one which I will hopefullyRead MoreThe Chinese Music Industry’s Plight and Future4413 Words   |  18 PagesThe Chinese Music Industry’s Plight and Future At first thought, some people, including myself, would not include the music industry as part of the grand macroeconomic development blueprint. Yet music not only represents an essential part of our modern lifestyle, but also exists as a key stimulus to economic growth. Nevertheless, following the advent of the internet, rampant piracy and lack of copyright protection led the Chinese music industry into the darkest period it has ever seen. Song Ke,

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Analysis Thomas Hobbess Claim A State of Nature Is, or...

Thomas Hobbes argues that a state of nature will eventually become a state of war of everyone against everyone. According the Hobbes, the main reason behind this change will be the harsh competition over scarce resources caused by the nature of man. Through out this essay Hobbess reasons will be explained in greater detail. In order to truly understand the logic behind Hobbess claim, we must first understand his point of view of human nature. The key element in Hobbess view on human nature was the importance of desires. Unlike many other philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, Hobbes had a different approach to desires. He believed desires were real motive behind human behaviors. (Leviathan, p119) What motivated human actions were†¦show more content†¦Once again such a pattern of thinking will eventually lead up to a state of war. Having explained the reason behind Thomas Hobbess argument we can much accurately analyze his claim. Over all Thomas Hobbes has made a well put argument. His argument that human behavior is driven by desires is a realistic look to human nature. Simply by looking at todays world it is possible to see the consumption being made by human beings. As Thomas Hobbes says there is no complete satisfaction us humans. As soon as human beings acquire something desired, it suddenly does not seem to be enough and we set our eyes on something new. It can be agreed that desire is a positive thing for human race. If it werent for our endless desire, could we still have achieved so much in the field of science? Answer would probably be no. Humans have come a long way since our ancestors thanks to our endless desires. It can also be agreed on the point where Hobbes argues that this desire blinds us so much that we are willing to do anything to fulfill it. Even in todays so called civilized world of laws and authorities, it is surprising how much corruption and damage is made in the sake of having more and more. The reason most people obey th e laws is no more than the fear of being caught and facing dire consequences. Thinking, if there were no laws toShow MoreRelatedwisdom,humor and faith19596 Words   |  79 PagesEurope: Some Highlights 5 Renaissance Humor: Erasmus, Rabelais, Cervantes, Shakespeare 5 Two European Russians: Anton Chekhov and Vladimir Soloviev 9 Reflections on Humor from Nietzsche to the Theatre of the Absurd 12 Humor and Wisdom in the United States: Lincoln, Beecher, Twain, Sandburg, and Buchwald 17 From The Times (of London) obituary on him (January 19, 2007) that mentioned his â€Å"wit and wisdom† in its title, available at

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Life Is A Complicated Paradox - 942 Words

Life is a complicated paradox. Nevertheless, our endless journey to confine answers to infinite questions, which arise exponentially by questioning, gives us a sense of purpose. 18th century French Philosopher, Baron d’Holbach, wrote The System of Nature (1770). One of his arguments entertained the idea that humans were not free agents, meaning that we did not determine our own actions. D’Holbach discussed three points that made his argument a valid philosophical proposal. 1) He espoused the concept of materialism. Materialism is the idea that everything in this world is physical and made from matter, or atoms. This being factual, 2) he proposed that if all matter is subject to physical laws, then there is a cause to every effect. Therefore, 3) since humans are physical beings, then we too are subject to physical laws. This leads to the concept of determinisms, the idea that all of our actions are predestined. Determinism lead d’Holbach to believe that free will was simply an illusion. He argued that our choices are made out of necessity and consequence of temperament, therefore, disproving our freedom. Our necessities are our wants, desires, passions, and motives. We act out of self-preservation and fear of death and the unknown. The human will are modifications of chemicals in our brain, since we cannot see these complex mechanisms we imply that we have control of ourselves. In fact, our brain acts as a complex computer that inputs stimuli and outputs reactions based onShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of A Dream Within a Dream by Edgar Allen Poe Essay850 Words   |  4 PagesDream’ was written by Edgar Allan Poe on 1849, the year that he was found dead because of substance abuse. Considering that the author had gone through many hard times throughout his life with the loss of his beloved ones, this poem might refer to the emotional pain he suffered that let him to question the reality of life. The poem is written in despair as the tone is a mixture of mystery, lo neliness and despair. The poem deals with the speaker’s troubling idea that reality is just a dream as the narratorRead MoreThe Net Government Of The United States1300 Words   |  6 Pagestheories that I could beacon to. The four that presented me with the biggest ideological standpoints are: The Mildred Paradox, The Mildred Corollary, The Vending Machine Model, and The Tectonic Plates. All of these sparked an interest with me and helped me shaped my own opinion on this book and the ideas presented by it. The Mildred Paradox In the book Kettl defines the Mildred Paradox as the federal government is doing a lot of service payment but not service provision. That is purely what the modernRead MoreThe Destructors and the Young Goodman Brown Comparison Essay918 Words   |  4 Pagesstories I. Appreciation of dramatic symbols II. Influence of terror d. Unique techniques, styles and devices I. Paradox is demonstrated II. Ambiguity is discussed Introduction Graham Greene’s short story of ‘Destructors’ printed in the year 1954 involves a group of teenagers resolves to damage an old man’s shelter. This story is complicated introducing several themes and expounding possibilities. However, the major theme in this short story is that of conflict. AlsoRead More The Free Will/Determinism Paradox Essay1279 Words   |  6 PagesThe Free Will/Determinism Paradox Most of us humans, I would guess, prefer to think we have free will. That is, we prefer to think we are able to make choices or decisions based upon our own unique volitions. Such thought appeals to our vanities. If we make â€Å"good† choices and decisions, our self-esteem is elevated, and this gives us pleasure. On the other hand, most of our knowledge leads us in the direction of believing the universe’s functions are deterministic. That is, our knowledgeRead More Memory in Toni Morrisons Beloved Essay806 Words   |  4 PagesMemory in Toni Morrisons Beloved       Memories are works of fiction, selective representations of experiences actual or imagined. They provide a framework for creating meaning in ones own life as well as in the lives of others. In Toni Morrisons novel Beloved, memory is a dangerous and debilitating faculty of human consciousness. Sethe endures the tyranny of the self imposed prison of memory. She expresses an insatiable obsession with her memories, with the past. Sethe is compelled to exploreRead MoreThe Paradox Of Belonging : The Complex Role Of Colonialism1343 Words   |  6 PagesThe Paradox of Belonging: The Complex Role of Colonialism in Finding Identity Adrienne Clarkson the twenty-sixth Governor General of Canada once wrote: â€Å"I was, and am, a child of diaspora. I am someone who, for a while, did not belong anywhere.† For nearly everyone who has ever lived in the wake of colonialism, it can be painstakingly difficult to find a sense of belonging with two distinct cultures being juxtaposed together. This colonization process had devastating effects for those upon whichRead MoreTheme Of Reality In First Person By Shi Tiensheng1018 Words   |  5 Pagesonly constant in life. Assuredly paradoxical, but reflective of the human condition in the author’s mind. Through portrayal of the main character’s stream of consciousness, Shi Tiensheng implicitly concludes that the only thing humans have control over in life is the decision to accept reality as it is delivered, or foolishly fantacize how things could be better. The focal point of his philosophy being that one can either choose to live a life in the present mo ment or live a life with no meaning whatsoeverRead MoreThe Ability Of Overcome Degenerative Policy Making Is Through Policy Analysis805 Words   |  4 Pages(Schneider Ingram 1997). Public policy needs to be inclusive and should provide a clear vision of possibilities, explanations of how and why antidemocratic elements are embedded in policy designs, and interpretations of how designs impact democratic life (Schneider Ingram 1997, 207). According to Stone (2011), knowledge tools reduce the need for coercive action or force because in the rational model, information will resolve conflict between actual behavior and desired behavior. Providing knowledgeRead MoreHedonism, By Robert Nozick1272 Words   |  6 Pagesthe most important thing in life and everything else is trivial as long as you are getting pleasure, the goal being to accumulate the greatest amount of net pleasure in ones lifetime. I disagree with the thought that hedonism is the correct view of well-being for people. Life is more than breaking down acts into something as simple as level of pleasure and then determining happiness off of that. By examining Nozick’s experience machine, Issues on morality, and the paradox of pursuing happiness. WeRead MoreAdvantages Of Time Travel1640 Words   |  7 Pagesthan the ticks on observer’s one clock. Time travel into the future is very easy compare to time traveling in the past. It is so easy that it actually happens in our everyday life. It is also safer to time travel in the future because we don’t have to face paradoxes like the grandfather paradox or the information paradox. Time traveling to the future is both conceptually and physically simpler. It is something that happens everyday because whenever two observers are in relative motion and one of

Monday, December 9, 2019

How did the 2 films help you understand these issues Essay Example For Students

How did the 2 films help you understand these issues? Essay Explore who is most to blame for the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt? Do you think the princes judgement was fair? How did the 2 films help you understand these issues? This scene is the pivoting point of the entire play. After the scene the entire play changes mood from happiness of love to tragedy. Much of what happens in this scene also seems to foretell what will happen in following scenes. At the start of this scene, we see Benvolio and Mercutio arguing. Benvolio is trying to draw Mercutio away, for he thinks that if they meet the Capulets, we shall not scape a brawl. Mercutio is shown at this point to be in a bad tempered mood. He begins to make things up to annoy Benvolio, for example that thou hast quarrelled with a man for coughing in the street because he hath wakened thy dog that hath lain in the sun. This show s Mercutios bad temper and hints that Mercutio might be to blame for his own death as he seems in a bad mood. This is also hinted at when Benvolio warns that the Capulets are coming. Mercutio fallows this by saying By my heel I care not. This shows that he seems to be looking for a fight. But then again, it also could be seen that as he is not of either house, he shouldnt have anything to fear from the Capulets. But his next line defiantly shows that he is looking for a fight as he issues a challenge to Tybalt with the words: And but one word with one of us? Couple it with something make it a word and a blow. Tybalts arrival in the line before shows that he is trying to be civil. Gentlemen, good den, a word with one of you he says, but Mercutios reply puts him off guard as he follows this by saying that he would accept his challenge if Mercutio gave him occasion. This would seem to hint that he is not to blame for any of the deaths, but then you find out that he is just trying to find Romeo as he says, Mercutio, thou consortest with Romeo. This shows that he just following up the challenge he issued to Romeo earlier on in the play following Romeos appearance at the party. This shows that Tybalt came out looking for a fight with Romeo, so he is just as much to blame as Mercutio. Yet still, after all of this, Mercutio is still taunting Tybalt showing his foul mood. Even after Benvolio tries to get them to settle the argument to avoid the princes punishments, Mercutio still replies aggressively, saying I will not budge for no mans pleasure, I. It is at this point in the play that Romeo enters, after being married to Juliet. Tybalt chooses to ignore Mercutios comments at this point as Romeo enters saying, Well, peace be with you, sir, here comes my man. This does show that although Tybalt did come looking for a fight with Romeo, he does not want to start one with Mercutio. Despite Mercutios continuing insults, Tybalt walks straight towards Romeo and challenges him saying thou art a villain. This challenge shows once again that Tybalt came looking for a fight. This would hint that he is slightly to blame, but Romeo dismisses the challenge, tactfully reasoning with Tybalt, even after Tybalts second challenge following this one, saying that he loves the name Capulet as dearly as his own. We know that this is because he is now married to Juliet, but Tybalt does not know this. Mercutios rage takes the better of him at this point saying O calm, dishonourable, vile submission. This in the context of the play is read that Mercutio believes that Romeo is being a coward by backing out and thus challenges Tybalt. This leads to much bartering and eventually the fight between Mercutio and Tybalt. Mercutio set this challenge though so it he is to blame for this fight, which could probably have been avoided, though Shakespeare does not give a hint to what would have happened if Mercutio hadnt joined in. That is left to the director to decide. During the fight though, Romeo tries to be a pacifist and comes between them. Tybalt then thrusts Mercutio underneath Romeos arm. The script seems to try to show that Tybalt did this purposefully, thus the death of Mercutio following this would be his fault. Mercutios death would seem to be the fault of Tybalt (as he actually killed him) and Mercutio for starting the fight. Yet Shakespeares plays usually have an added touch of fate or supernatural, and this script is very similar also. It is a big coincidence that Mercutio was caught in a bad mood in exactly the same time as Tybalt was caught looking for a fight with Romeo, at exactly the time following Rome o be married into the Capulets (though they have no idea!). All these issues are built up before this scene all clash together to give the feeling of fortune and fate being the main culprit of the death of Mercutio. The drama continues EssayAfter the exit of Romeo in the script Zeffirelli inserts act 3 scene 2 lines 1-8 which involves Juliet finding out that Romeo has killed Tybalt. This is to show the consequences of what has happened and how it affects Juliet before the Prices judgement comes to banish. This helps keep the order of her feelings so that the viewer does not get confused as quickly. Her feelings would change at anger at Romeo for killing her cousin to hurt that Romeo was banished. The officer is omitted from the scene because Zeffirelli feels that he is not needed to get the points across. The same reason is given for why some of Benvolio and the Princes speech is also omitted. The Baz Luhrmann version is a much more modern version of the play on the other hand. It chops the script about much more to get the feel and issues forward that the director wanted. A lot more of the lines are cut to shorten this part and the modern setting means that the fighting is more with guns then with swords. The Capulets in this version are brought forwards as the more evil gang, with Baz Luhrmann dressing them all in black and having them scaring away children in this scene when they arrive. Though Mercutio does have a jokey attitude at the start, when Tybalt says Mercutio, thou consortest with Romeo Baz Luhrmann makes the tension rise much quicker. He does not keep the jokey attitude. Music is brought in to add to this tension and the two of them square up to fight each other even before Romeo arrives. At Romeos arrival, Tybalts challenge causes Mercutio and Petruchio to prepare the other twos guns for a duel. After Romeos second refusal of the challenge, Baz Luhrmann has Tybalt attack Romeo, using repetition of many of the lines to add to the tension. To also add to this tension, Baz Luhrmann has the weather reflecting what is happening in the film with a storm sweeping in to darken the skies a bit. Baz Luhrmann makes it look like Mercutio just joins the fight to protect Romeo, referring the line O clam, dishonourable, vile submission! to Tybalt rather then Romeo. Romeo eventually stops Mercutio trying to stop him by holding him back. Tybalt then tries to kill Romeo with a shard of glass from the fight and as Mercutio pushes Romeo out of the way, Mercutio gets stabbed. Tybalt is made to look as if he didnt mean to kill Mercutio as he is dragged off by the other Capulets. The Continuing storm is still adding tension in the background at this point. This storm and the silence around Mercutios lines of A Plague aboth your houses seems to hint that Baz Luhrmann is trying to get across the supernatural and fate aspect of the play. When Mercutio dies Act 3, scene 2 lines 20-30 is inserted, the lines where Juliet is waiting for Romeo to come for her. The serenity of this scene is used as a reminder of Juliets involvement in all this and as a total contrast of the next part which uses a high-speed car crash to start off the fight between Romeo and Tybalt. The continuing storm still adds tension and just as Tybalt is killed (via gun shots from Romeo) a flash of Juliets face appears on screen. The final thunderclap sounds and Romeo drops his gun to show that Romeo has understood what he has just done. Shakespeare originally wrote this scene many years ago skilfully writing it to keep the way it could be played open. I think he was trying to focus on fate as the culprit for the death of Tybalt and Mercutio, as he does often in a lot of his plays although this scene could be read differently. This is shown in the many different versions of the text which have been performed, whether film or theatre, as they try to help the audience focus on their ideas about the different themes of the text.

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Bata Shoe Organization Essay Example For Students

The Bata Shoe Organization: Essay THE BATA SHOE ORGANIZATION: This case talks about Bata Shoe Organization, the world’s largest manufacturer and retailer of Footwear Company and the challenges faced by the company while determining its future long-term strategy and in finding a top management team. The case deals with the problems that Bata might face due to the political and economic changes taking place worldwide while running the company around the globe, over 62 manufacturing units and 4458 company- stores owned worldwide. Based on the economic freedom scales, what kind of differences do you think Bata might face in the Czech Republic and Slovakia? Czech Rebublic was economically free. So Bata achieved free market and freedom to own and run the factory. Itcan thus continue its operations in the country smoothly in the future. While Slovakia was considered economically unfree. The government regulates how a business run, how goods are produced and labor are used, priced or distributed in the market. As a result the slovakian government is unwilling to give the factory back to Bata, forbidding it to rebuild the factory with new resources. Hence as a result of huge government interventions, Bata will face difficulty in gaining market in the Slovakia. We will write a custom essay on The Bata Shoe Organization: specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now What are the advantages and disadvantages to both Bata and the republic of Slovakia of having Bata take over his former operations? Why do you think the Czech Republic allowed Bata to reenter the market, but Slovakia did not? Bata tried to acquire economies of scales by making huge volume of sales at a lower price. The company’s strategy was to capture market share in the world. So acquiring back the business in Slovakia would help increase Bata’s sales and ultimately a source of revenue for the company. However, controlled economy, communist country and lack of support from the government may cause great difficulty for Bata to run its operations smoothly in the country. It has to face lots of government pressure which might even harm its sales in the country. While in case of Slovakia, letting Bata take over its former operations would allow increasing employment and bringing economic growth for the nation. Industrial growth is always beneficial for a nation’s economy. But, being a foreign company, there are possibilities that the country does not entirely benefit from Bata’s profit. Besides, domestic company may protests that arrival of a foreign company increase competition for them. Czech Republic was economically free and emphasized on free market and private ownership of property. The country realized the potential of Bata to earn revenue and bring economic growth for the nation. Bata had moved its operations from Czechoslovakia due to Nazi’s invasion in the country. Hence, it allowed Bata to run its factory in Czeck Republic. On the other side Slovakia was economically not free. Government acted as a policy maker and its implementer and had huge control over the operations of the companies there. Besides, the country was highly influenced by communism at that time and did not favor international companies. They were more concerned about the growth of local shoe industry. As a result Slovakia did not allow Bata to enter the market. Given the countries that Bata is operating in, what challenges does Tom Bata face trying to establish an effective political strategy for the company? Bata has its operations in both industrial democratic countries and developing countries. It requires different procedures to adjust to different environments and economies. Some challenges that Bata faces in establishing itself are: * Company operating under democratic country has liberal policies. It has the potential to discuss the change procedures, than a totalitarian situation which has strict policies and where remaining silent is considered wise. * It has been censured for operating in totalitarian regimes, such as that in Chile. * It has to be careful in countries like South Africa where it was once criticized of supporting the white minority. Frequent changes in political parties and decisions made by them may pose a problem to the company’s application of policies. * Some countries policies of avoiding import of raw material in order to preserve foreign exchange creates a challenge to the company to adjust as per the local laws. * Economic policies also differ between different nations. Accordingly policies of the company must be developed Why do you thi nk Tom J. Bata, Sr. , has joined the list of entrepreneurs who cannot bear to loosen their grip on business they started? What is the risk to the Bata Shoe Organization if Thomas J. .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .postImageUrl , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:hover , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:visited , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:active { border:0!important; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:active , .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u600fb17962e6ef4132bd8a07d0e689af:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: avatar EssayBata cannot find a way to retire? Tomas, the ninth generation of a family of Czechoslovakian shoemakers with their great effort in the business were able to take the company worldwide with network almost in 28 countries. After his father’s death it was the responsibility of Tom. J. Bata to expand that empire. Tom did not wasn’t to lose the grip on the business his ancestors started. The major challenge to the business at present is to determine its future, both in long-term strategy and in finding a top management team that will move the company into the twenty first century. It is affected by the dramatic political and economic changes taking place worldwide. The company its own well labor focused and low cost strategy, if the new members moved the company toward capital focused then the Bata will lose its traditional identity. Similarly, handling the company to nonfamily members did not succeed in running well. There emotional attachment with the company would be lacking from outsiders. So, these could be the risk associated if Thomas J. Bata cannot find a way to retire.